Earlier this week EdWeek Market Brief reported that Amazon is developing a platform to “allow schools to upload, manage, share, and discover open education resources”. Amazon Inspire, which appears to be aimed squarely at the US K-12 education sector / market (you decide) will enable users to
“to add ratings and reviews, and to receive recommendations based on their previous selections. Educators will be able to curate open resources, self-publish material they have developed, and put a school’s entire digital library that is open and freely available online.”
Although Amazon admit they haven’t nailed down a business model to ensure the platform’s financial sustainability, harnessing the company’s formidable recommender system to sell products that complement lessons and resources, is likely to feature prominently somewhere along the line. Amazon are sufficiently confident that they can guarantee the platform’s sustainability that Andrew Joseph, vice president of strategic relations for Amazon Education stated
“We’ve made a commitment that we will never charge for this,” Joseph said, noting it will be “a completely free, open platform for free resources.”
I’m tempted to say “we’ve heard that before”, but that would be cynical of me. And of course “free” and “open” aren’t quite the same thing, but lets come back to that in a minute.
Of course Joseph doesn’t miss an opportunity to take a pot shot at Google
“teachers spend 12 hours a week on content creation and sharing on their own,” said Joseph, using Google Drive or shared folders within a district. “If you think about those resources, they’re not all that discoverable or sharable.”
Unsurprisingly, this announcement has already sparked considerable discussion online. Stephen Downes was one of the first to comment on this development, noting that Amazon already has a significant presence in the education sector, providing access to tools, a grant programme and cloud services. Matt Reed of Inside Higher Ed was generally enthusiastic about the development, speculating that Amazon Inspire could do for OER what iTunes did for podcasts. He does add a note of caution though, asking
“Are they trying to kill commercial publishers? Harvest student data? Commission hagiographic treatments of the life of Jeff Bezos? Amazon isn’t known for philanthropy.”
Like many commentators Reed focuses on the potential ability of OER to reduce the astronomical cost of textbooks in the US. While I agree that reducing the cost of textbooks is undoubtedly a Good Thing, (though of considerably less benefit to education in the UK), focusing on this as the primary benefit of OER, rather misses the much wider potential of open education. Replacing a paid thing with a free thing, is certainly good, but does little to challenge the commercialisation of the education, particularly if the free thing is being provided by a commercial behemoth. This is a point that Jim Groom raised on twitter.
If you make argument behind OER movement predominantly financial/cost-savings do you begin to align w/ corporate players like Amazon? #oer16
— Jim Groom (@jimgroom) February 17, 2016
And then there’s the whole issue of open and free. Will the resources hosted on Amazon Inspire really be open? Or will they be free? The EdWeek report makes no mention of whether resources will carry a CC licence, in fact there is no mention of licensing at all. If they don’t use CC licences can Amazon really market this as OER ? Pat Lockley thinks they can (though he did admit to cynicism.)
@LornaMCampbell @philbarker course they can. MERLOT, OER Commons, The OER Map, all have non-CC stuff
— patlockley (@patlockley) February 16, 2016
Whatever Amazon Inspire transpires to be, it’s certainly an interesting development at a time when the sustainability of open educational resources and OER repositories, or lack thereof, is an increasingly pressing topic. This is an issue that Viv Rolfe, David Kernohan, Leo Havemann, Pat Lockley, Simon Thomson and I will be exploring in a panel session at OER16 called Web Today, Gone Tomorrow: How can we ensure continuing access to OERs? and I suspect it’s an issue that will surface repeatedly during the conference. If sharing OER through web platforms such as YouTube and Flickr is already common practice, would sharing them through Amazon really be problematic? I don’t know. Without knowing more about the platform and the business model it’s too early to judge. I can’t help feeling a bit suspicious about this though…
One final point…I was very interested to note that Amazon Inspire will be partially based on the Learning Registry, but that’s a topic for another blog post.
- EdWeek Market Brief – Amazon Education to Launch New Website for Open Education Resources
- Stephen Downes – Amazon Education to Launch New Website for Open Education Resources
- Inside Higher Ed – Amazon OER
#coffeespit phrase– that “Amazon Inspire could do for OER what iTunes did for podcasts”.
For anyone who actually tries to use iTunes for managing podcasts, this means taking a very elegant technical concept and wrapping it in a Candy Face appearing but Byzantine functioning interface that is nearly impossible for humans to customize to any other settings than the default… I pity the OERs.
Yeah, I thought that was a really odd analogy. Why would you want to replicate iTunes for anything?! It kinda sucks. Having said that, I can see why some people might get excited by the idea of neatly prepackaged OER. To my mind, wrapping resources up in layers of packaging and interface rather defeats the whole point of open educational resources. Which brings us back to the whole issue of equating free with open.
Thanks for the perspective. I’m curious how they plan on sustaining it too.
And I kind of like the iTunes analogy.
iTunes took a bunch of unorganized resources and did their best to bring order out of chaos and managed to keep it free.
I can respect that…even if it’s clunky to use. 🙂
Hi Keith, thanks for your comment, glad you found this of interest. I think with iTunes it’s definitely a case of ymmv, there’s certainly no doubt that it filled a gap in the market. I think the real issue will be whether the Amazon OER service will be free and open, or whether it will just be free. I would hope for the former, but I’ll reserve judgement until we hear more.
I confess to being hugely sceptical about this development. I’ve seen no evidence that Amazon are, in any way, a benign and community-spirited corporation thus far.
My first question is – what’s in it for them? A stepping stone to selling other content or materials? User data? If the principles of something like a CC-BY-SA licence (possibly with the non-commercial option too) are not central to the idea I would be inclined to avoid – we shall see.
Hi James, I think you’re absolutely right to be sceptical about this development given that the business model is so unclear. Like you, I have difficulty believing that Amazon are doing this out of the goodness of their hearts! Still, it’s going to be interesting watching to see how this plays out.